TIARA : Test Infrastructure and Accelerator Research Area

Test Infrastructure and Accelerator Research Area
Preparatory Phase

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Consortium Participants


Consortium Participants

The consortium includes 11 participants from 8 countries






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Number Full name Short name Country Homepage
1 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives CEA France www.cea.fr
2 European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN International www.cern.ch
3 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS France www.cnrs.fr
4 Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Mediambientales y Tecnoloicas CIEMAT Spain www.ciemat.es
5 Stiftung Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY Germany www.desy.de
6 Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH GSI Germany www.gsi.de
7 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare INFN Italy www.infn.it
8 Paul Scherrer Institut PSI Switzerland www.psi.ch
9 Science and Technology Facilities Council STFC UK www.stfc.ac.uk
10 Uppsala Universitet UU Sweden www.uu.se
11 Instytut Fizyki Jadrowej - Krakow IFJ PAN Poland www.ifj.edu.pl






Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives

The CEA is one of the Europe's largest multidisciplinary organizations, covering a wide range of fundamental and applied research activities. Created in 1945, it supports more than 15000 researchers, engineers, technicians and administrative staffs as well as about 340 postdocs and 1200 PhD students, dispatched over its 9 research centres. At the CEA, many scientific sectors develop or use particle accelerators. Without being exhaustive, it includes in particular particle and nuclear physics, condensed matter, biology, nuclear fusion and energy production. The CEA is renowned for designing, constructing and operating large accelerator systems and R&D infrastructures. The accelerator R&D is carried out within the CEA-IRFU (Institut de Recherche sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers). It includes: development, construction and operation of particle accelerators (beam dynamics, intense proton beam acceleration, superconducting RF technologies, high magnetic field technologies), computing and remote operation systems. 

European Organization for Nuclear Research

CERN was founded in 1954 as one of Europe's first joint ventures, bringing specialists from 12 Member States together to pursue a common dream. Established on the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva, it has become a shining example of successful international scientific collaboration. Today, CERN has 20 Member States from Europe, and additional nations from around the globe also contribute to and participate in its research programme. CERN is now a European laboratory for the world.
CERN's business is fundamental physics, finding out what the Universe is made of and how it works. The instruments used at CERN are particle accelerators and detectors. Accelerators boost beams of particles to high energies before they are made to collide with each other or with stationary targets. Detectors observe and record the results of these collisions. By studying what happens when particles collide, physicists learn about the laws underlying the evolution of the Universe.
CERN's flagship is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the particle accelerator that will provide the highest particle energies ever achieved in the laboratory. The energy density generated in its 14 TeV proton-proton collisions will be similar to that existing a few instants after the Big Bang. Recreating such conditions is a tremendous way to look back to the birth of the Universe; it provides the only way to do experiments to find answers to very fundamental questions concerning, for example, the origin of mass, the nature of dark matter, and the balance of matter and antimatter in the Universe.


Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organisation, under the administrative authority of France's Ministry of Research.
CNRS's annual budget represents a quarter of French public spending on civilian research. As the largest fundamental research organization in Europe, CNRS carried out research in all fields of knowledge, through its seven research institutes : Mathematics (INSMI), Physics (INP), Chemistry (INC); Life Sciences (INSB); Humanities and Social Sciences (INSHS); Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Development (INEE); Information and Engineering Sciences and Technologies (INST2I); and its two national institutes: the National Institute of Earth Sciences and Astronomy(INSU); and the National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3). Its own laboratories as well as those it maintains jointly with universities, other research organizations, or industry are located throughout France, but also overseas with international joint laboratories located in several countries. Measured by the amount of human and material resources it commits to scientific research or by the great range of disciplines in which its scientists carry on their work, the CNRS is clearly the hub of research activity in France. It is also an important breeding ground for scientific and technological innovation.
The IN2P3 is the National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics of the CNRS. IN2P3 devotes itself to research in the physics of the infinitely small, from the atomic nucleus down to the elementary particles, and of the physics of the infinitely large, to study the composition and evolution of the Universe. The objectives are to determine matter's most elementary constituents and understand their interactions, and to understand the structure and properties of nuclei. It participates to the four big experiments, which are taking place at the LHC of the CERN (Atlas, CMS, Alice and LHCb). In the field of data processing, IN2P3 is one of the leaders of the French Grid effort and is deeply involved in the European Computation grid projects aimed at optimum use of powerful, distributed computing facilities. IN2P3 leads a programme of application of nuclear methods in medical imaging and environmental sciences. On behalf of CNRS, it pilots the interdisciplinary programme PACEN on future fission nuclear energy and its backend.
The IN2P3 has been very active in R&D on accelerators, and disposes of several important installations with supraconducting cavities (at IPNO, at LAL,..).


Centro de Investgaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas

CIEMAT is a Spanish Public Research Institution dependent on the Ministry of Science and Innovation. From its creation in 1951 it has developed and leaded R&D projects in the fields of Energy, Environment and Technology, placing the institution in the international vanguard of science and the technology and having a close relation with other research groups with similar objectives. As a technological research centre, it is the link between basic research, mainly performed in the academic world, and the national industry. The main activities are related to: basic strategic research aimed at generating knowledge; strategic technological research aimed at generating new technologies; technological development aimed at developing and transferring technology; testing, mainly of a commercial type; and training aimed at improving the professional qualification of the research teams.  Concerning accelerators research, CIEMAT has a scientific group of 30 people with a long experience in the field of superconductivity and other technologies, that is collaborating in various European projects like XFEL, FAIR, CLIC, IFMIF, etc. The scientific and technical team at CIEMAT is composed of approximately 1,650 people, of whom 47 % have a University degree.

Stiftung Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

DESY is one of the worldwide leading accelerator centres for research in the area of structure of matter. DESY develops, builds and operates accelerators and detectors for the research with photons and for particle physics. Desy is financed by public funds and is a member of the Helmholtz Association.
The present protfolio of accelerators in operation at DESY comprises the SR storage rings DORIS-III and PETRA-III and the soft X-ray free electron laser facility FLASH. DESY is also strongly involved in the European XFEL facility which is under construction at and near the DESY site. Both FLASH and the XFEL utilise the superconducting RF technology which was developed by the international TESLA collaboration, coordinated by DESY. DESY participates in the global design effort towards a linear collider based on this superconducting technology. DESY operates numbers of R&D infrastructures such as clean rooms and surface treatment facilities for superconducting cavities, assembly of S.C. accelerator modules, test stands for cavities and modules, an RF gun injector test stand and the FLASH linac which is used a fraction of its beam time for R&D.


GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung GmbH

The GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy-Ion Research (GSI GmbH), founded in 1969 and located at Darmstadt, Germany, operates a large, in many aspects worldwide unique accelerator facility for heavy-ion beams up to energies of 2 GeV per nucleon. GSI has about 1000 employees and about 1000 researchers per year from around the world use the facility for experiments that help point the way to new and fascinating discoveries in basic research. In addition, the scientists use their findings to continually develop new and impressive applications. The research program at GSI covers a broad range of activities extending from nuclear and atomic physics to plasma and materials research to biophysics and cancer therapy. Probably the best-known results are the discovery of six new chemical elements and the development of a new type of tumour therapy using heavy ion beams.


GSI operates a unique heavy-ion accelerator system consisting of the universal linear accelerator UNILAC, the heavy ion synchrotron SIS, and the experimental storage ring ESR. At this accelerator facility, it is possible to not only prepare ion beams of all the elements, up to and including uranium, in any state of electric charge, but also to accelerate these beams to nearly the speed of light. GSI especially provides ion beams with high intensity, and excellent beam quality beams using beam cooling techniques. A further special topic is the time-sharing operation mode of the facility that simultaneously provides different ion beams with different energies to typically 3-4 experiments. Concerning accelerator R&D projects GSI is, among other things and together with competent partners, active in the following fields: development of fast-ramped superconducting magnets, high-current beam diagnostic devices, RF synchronisation, linac developments, beam cooling, minimisation of beam losses, etc. The necessary infrastructure is partly located at GSI, and partly at external partners (mainly universities and other research institutions, but also companies. It consists of workshops, test facilities and laboratories, including the necessary capacities for engineering and design.




Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare

INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) is an Italian Public Research Institution dependent on the Ministry of University, Education and Research. Since its creation in 1951, INFN acts as a large multidisciplinary Organization, with main focus on fundamental research on Nuclear, Particle and Astroparticle Physics but also with interests in Applied Research activities.
INFN coordinates the Italian contribution to CERN activities and in other HEP laboratories around the world and operates four large National Laboratories: an Underground  Research Center (LNGS under the Gran Sasso mountain) and three laboratories (LNF in Frascati, LNL in Legnaro and LNS in Catania) where well-established accelerator R&D on cutting-edge activities are carried out, like: beam dynamics, SCRF technologies, high magnetic field technologies, intense beam acceleration and beam monitoring. INFN activities are carried out by an internal staff of about 2000 people plus about 3000 University staff are associated to INFN researches.


Paul Scherrer Institut

The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) is a multi-disciplinary research centre for the natural sciences and technology. PSI collaborates with academic institutions, other research institutions and industry in the areas of condensed matter research, materials sciences, particle physics, life sciences, energy research and environmental research. PSI concentrates on basic and applied research, particularly in those fields that are at the leading edge of scientific knowledge, but also contributes to the training of the next generation and paves the way to sustainable development of society and the economy. The Institute is actively involved in the transfer of new discoveries to industry, and offers, as an international centre of competence, its services to external organisations.


PSI employs 1300 staff members, making it the largest of the Swiss national research institutions - and the only one of its kind within Switzerland. It develops, builds and operates complex large-scale particle accelerator based research facilities. These provide beams of photons, protons, neutrons and muons. Research and development of advanced accelerator based medical applications include routine proton radiation therapy of deep-seated tumors.

An X-Ray Free Electron Laser "SwissFEL", which will produce fully coherent, intense, ultra-short x-ray pulses with wavelengths in the Angstrom range, will extend the park of PSI's research facilities in the future.

PSI is one of the world's leading user laboratories for the national and international scientific community.



Science & Technology Facilities Council

The Science and Technology Facilities Council is one of Europe's largest multidisciplinary research organisations, supporting scientists and engineers world-wide. It operates world-class, large-scale research facilities, provides strategic advice to the government on their development, and manages international research projects in support of a broad cross-section of the UK research community. The council operates the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and the Daresbury Laboratory in the UK, supports university researchers through grants, and is responsible for our subscriptions to CERN, ESO, ESA, ILL and ESRF. The Council has responsibility to ensure that the UK scientific community has access to the large facilities that will enable it to perform high quality, world leading research in the future.  This includes carrying out R&D in support of future particle and nuclear physics accelerators, neutron sources and light sources.


Uppsala Universitet

Uppsala University was founded in 1477 and is one of the largest universities in Scandinavia with about 6'000 employees and 40'000 students. Its Faculty for Science and Technology comprises departments for Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geoscience, Mathematics and Technology. A 180 MeV synchrocyclotron was designed and built at the University in the 1950s and upgraded in the 1980s with the 1.4GeV proton storage ring CELSIUS. The High Energy Physics department has been using the CERN accelerators in Geneva for particle physics experiments continuously since the 1960s, the Nuclear Physics department, which previously used the local accelerators, is presently using the COSY accelerator in Julich and the Material Physics department is using several synchrotron light sources in the world, including MAXLAB in Lund. Accelerator development has been pursued at Uppsala university since the 1950's. Recently the Faculty has created a Center for Accelerator and Instrumentation Development (CAI) to further stimulate and support this activity. Currently, the University is participating in the technical development programs for CLIC at CERN and XFEL at DESY and is preparing plans for participation in the technical development of the superconducting linear proton accelerator for ESS in Sweden.

The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences

Established in 1955, the Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences at Krakow employees about 300 researchers, mainly working on high energy and elementary particle physics, physics of the structure of the nucleus and of nuclear reaction mechanisms, studies of the structure, interactions and properties of condensed matter, as well as on applications of nuclear methods in geophysics, radio-chemistry, medicine, biology, environmental physics and material engineering. About 250-300 scientific papers are published annually in world-class scientific journals. Each year, the Institute organizes international schools and conferences. The Institute closely cooperates with other scientific institutions in Poland and abroad.

The Institute is an active member of many international HEP collaborations, including ALICE, ATLAS and LHCb experiments at LHC, BELLE at KEK, neutrino and dark matter experiments ICARUS, T2K and WARP and the cosmic ray Pierre Auger project. Similarly, IFJ PAN nuclear physics groups have substantial contribution to running or prepared large experiments using stable and radioactive ion beams (AGATA, RISING,HECTOR-PARIDE, PARIS). On site proton cyclotron, designed and built at the IFJ PAN has recently been upgraded to 60 MeV. Funds for a new, about 200MeV cyclotron have been granted and installation is expected by 2011. Long term activity of experimental physics groups attracted teams of high quality specialists: particularly in electronics. mechanics and cooling; they are welcome members of collaborations designing or upgrading their installations.



#2 - Last update : 14/03/2013
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